Tents is the home of the explorer in the mountains. You need a reliable tent before heading to the mountains. This article provides a comprehensive introduction to the tent. I hope this will help you.
“Sometimes the wind shakes the tent, sometimes the rain hits the tent. When I camp, I always pursue such a moment, stay in the tent and seem to be integrated with the mountain forest.” (Source: “Backpacker Handbook” author Chris Donson)
Camping is an interesting experience in the mountains. Exposing a camp at the weekend can alleviate the fatigue of the whole body. When hiking outdoors for long, it is impossible to avoid camping. At this point the tent is a home that can be moved.
When climbing at high mountains. Camping is an inevitable activity before heading to the top. Ample rest in the tent can help you climb to the top.
There are many types of tents, so you need to understand the environment you will face first and then pick out the right tent. Because the following factors are contradictory:
(1) Weather resistance of tents
(2) Construction of tents
(3) Comfort of tents
(4) Durability of tents
(5) Weight of tents
1.Weather resistance of tents
Weather resistance is the ability of the tent to resist the environment. The environment in which tents in is closely related to weather resistance of tents. For example, if you are camping in a park, the tent may only require basic weather resistance. If you are going to a rainy area, weather resistance is the waterproof ability of the tent. If you camp in the windy mountains, weather resistance is the windproof ability. When the wind and rain are come together, the weather resistance of the tent will be tested. Bad weather does not only occur in extreme areas of high altitudes. Sometimes you may encounter rain or strong wind on the usual route.
For tents, we can examine the weather resistance of tents from the following aspects:
1.1 Structure – From the structure of the tent, we can get a preliminary understanding of the weather resistance of the tent.
Geodesic, tunnel, and dome are three classic tent structures. The weather resistance can be seen for each structure.
The Geodesic tent gets strength through the intersection between the poles.The more the intersection of the tents, the more stable the tent.Each intersection is a support point. In the face of strong winds and snow pressure, these intersections ensure that the tent will not collapse. Geodesic tents can adapt to harsh plateau environments. It is suitable for high-altitude camp construction, and the stable intersection can resist snow pressure.
The tunnel structure uses another idea. The tunnel tent is constructed by paralleling and bending a plurality of semi-circular poles, and the poles are curved toward the ground. Its close-to-ground design reduces the effects of wind. If you build a tent toward the wind, the wind will not over-squeeze the pole, but the wind from the side may cause swaying.
The single-row tent is a simplified version of the tunnel tent, which has only one curved pole, but they are equally stable. They have the same principle. They are all resistant to the wind by the poles that are close to the ground.
1.2 The quality of the pole the pole is the skeleton of the tent structure. A good pole quality will make the tent not easy to collapse in bad weather.
At present, aluminum poles are the mainstream, and fiberglass is a good choice for entry-level tents.
Aluminum Pole: Most camping tents use aluminum poles. The ductility of aluminum alloy is good, it can be bent, it is not easy to break, and it has good wind resistance.However, there are many types of aluminum poles. Different manufacturers work differently. Inferior aluminum poles are easily deformed and broken.The aluminum pole is excellent in strength and plasticity. Its manufacture is still evolving today. Among them, DAC from South Korea and Easton from the United States are two representative companies.The quality of the poles they manufacture is guaranteed.Fiberglass Pole: The advantage of fiberglass is that it is cheap. The disadvantage is that it is easily damaged. It is easily broken under pressure or below -20 °. Therefore, camping in cold or windy environments is not recommended. The gap after the fiberglass pole is broken is very sharp and may break the tent or hurt the camper.
1.3 Fabric Strength
If the fabric is of poor quality. Forced parts such as wind rope nail joints may be torn in large areas during wind and rain. Some tent brands will announce the Tear Strength. For tents of the same thickness, the top tent has a tear resistance index of 20 kg, while the ordinary tent has a tear resistance index of only 2 to 3 kg. At present, the mainstream fabrics of tents are polyester fiber and nylon, and there are also blends of the two: polyester fiber: Corrosion resistance, UV resistance greatly exceeds natural materials, and at the same time has good breathability. Nylon: The wear resistance and tear resistance are more than 10 times that of the same quality cotton fiber, so the weight and thickness of the tent fabric are greatly reduced.
1.4 Ground nails and wind ropes – the more solid the tent ropes and nails, the more. If you want to resist the harsh environment, the number of tent nails and wind ropes should not be small.
Ground nail: You can visually judge the weather resistance of the tent by the number of nails. The tent will usually be equipped with 8-12 nails. The more stable tents have 12-18 nails. Wind rope: On the basis of the ground nail, the wind rope anchor on the tent is also an important evaluation standard. Wind rope points should be able to stabilize the tent from different directions.
2.The construction of the tent – the convenient construction of the tent can reduce the time you are exposed.
For example, when the tent is not set up, the rain may have already started. This is the test of the tent’s construction.
2.1 tent type
Tunnel tents, tower tents are tents that can be quickly built in the wind and rain.In addition the dome tent with exoskeleton design also reduces the rain time.The dome tents has two designs. One is the exoskeleton design which means that the pole is outside. The inner and outer tents are connected together. This design makes the inner tent not wet even if it is built in the rain. On the contrary the traditional dome design makes the pole inside the tent.It is necessary to build an inner tent and then put on an outer tent. This method is difficult to build in the wind and rain. It is easy to get wet in the rain by setting up the inner tent. The traditional dome tent is designed to be covered with an outer tent at last which is easily to get wet inside.
2.2 Tent pole connection
You will find that the tents are built at different speeds. This is because of the different levels of familiarity and the way the tent poles are connected. There are two main ways of connecting tents and tent poles: hook and put rods. If you are just camping on weekends, you can choose a convenient hook. The hook type can be used to quickly and easily build a tent. The advantage of this approach is that it saves time and effort. However, the hook will fall off in the wind and rain. If you need to camp for a long time, you should choose a more reliable way. It takes a lot of time to put the tent pole into the tent.. But the advantage is that it is more protective. The tent pole is in the parcel so the tent is more stable in wind and rain.
2.3 Stability of the tent pole
Metal clasp: if you are going to choose a camping tent for warm areas. You can choose the metal buckle tent. It’s lighter.
Sleeve: if you’re going to a bad area. Tent poles need to be more stable. Some tents have sleeves at the end of tent poles. It’s more stable.
3.The comfort of the tent
The tent is dry and spacious, and everything can be arranged in order. We call it a comfortable tent. Whether it’s an alpine adventure in the Himalayas or a family of three camping in the suburbs, a comfortable tent is very important, and no one wants to live in an uncomfortable tent: for an alpine adventure, for example, an uncomfortable tent is a huge blow to morale, and a bad night’s sleep can greatly affect your performance the next day. For a family of three to go camping in the suburbs, if the tent is very crowded, then the degree of happiness is greatly reduced.
3.1 Space in the tent — if it is too humid and the tent is poorly ventilated, it will be uncomfortable inside.
Double layer structure: as long as there is enough space between the inside and outside curtain, the moisture will condense on the inside surface of the outside curtain, and get discharged with the air circulation between the inside and outside curtain, or flow to the ground along the inside wall of the outside curtain.
Mesh structure: there will be mesh structure design above or on the side of the tent. The larger the mesh area, the better the air circulation and the less condensation.
Vents design: vents function like chimneys. It is used to expel water vapor from the account.
3.2 Tent space — everyone is tall, short, fat and thin, and enough space to sleep comfortably.
Space is not the bigger the better, but can be made full use of. Generally speaking, the width that the comfortable morpheus inside a adult tent needs is in 50-60 centimeters, length is above height 20 centimeters. Of course, if you’re bigger, or you just want more space, try living alone in a double bed.
3.3 how to open the door — the number and position of the door will affect the feelings of the occupants.
Some tents are designed to open on both sides, some two-person tents are designed to open only on one side, and tunnel tents are mostly open at the front end. If you live alone, one side door is comfortable enough and lighter. If you live with multiple people, you should consider the feelings of your partner. Side door and front door can avoid stepping over your partner’s body when going out.
4.durability of the tent
Tents are not expendable. A durable tent can last a long time. Many cases test the durability of tents. For example, if you camp on hard ground, the fabric of your tent will rub. The tent also needs to be folded and knocked over each time it is set up and stored. The weather conditions of camping also test the durability of the tent. Durability is mainly reflected in the fabric, which can be judged by coating and splicing:
4.1 coating — fabric should be coated to ensure durability.
There are two types of coating:
PU coating: tents with PU coating are easy to wrinkle and not smooth to the touch. PU coating can be difficult to withstand the environment. Wind, ultraviolet rays and continuous rainfall will corrode the coating.
Silicon on both sides: the tent with silicon on both sides looks tall and straight, and feels delicate to the touch. Silicon coating is a good way to increase weather resistance. The fabric after silicon coating has strong tear resistance and will not be corroded by rain and snow. But nylon fabric coated with silicone on both sides is flammable and does not meet safety standards in the United States. Therefore, some manufacturers will adopt the composite coating of silicon and PU on one side.
4.2 Splicing — the coating is the basis of durability of the tent, and the splicing method is the core of fabric quality.
Press glue: this is the most common seam treatment. It is the use of hot tape suture tent surface, tape has a life, long-term use will fall off.
Expansion line: this is a more advanced technology, because there is no need to press the glue, there is no shedding problem. The expansion line uses a kind of material that will expand with water to close the seam, when it meets rain, it further Narrows the gap and makes the fabric more closely connected. Expansion line technology is mostly used for double-sided silicone coated fabrics.
5. the weight of the tent
Weight is not the only criterion for a tent. But weight is a key factor in the tent. No matter what the occasion, people want tents to be lighter. When you go camping, you want your tent to be lighter and less taxing. For a long trek up a mountain, a tent is preferred.
5.1 weight comparison
When we compare weights, we should compare in the same way, like four seasons tent versus four seasons tent, two tents versus two tents, tower tent versus tower tent.
5.2 weight balance
Weight loss either sacrifices protection or reduces comfort. The use of new fabrics and materials, such as crude benzene fabric, scandium alloy and carbon fiber curtain rod, tries to achieve the balance of weight and protection, but will sacrifice comfort.
5.3 rational choice
Therefore, in the face of the tent weight, we still have to return to the activity environment. For camping in a temperate environment, or for a short weekend hike in the mountains, opt for lightweight tents with low protection. But hiking in tough conditions, climbing at high altitudes, even if it’s heavy, should put protection first.